Please respond to each question separately, 80 or more words for each 1. “As I searched for something that is recent but also is related to microorganisms, I found an article about a company that is using live microbes incased in plastic balls to clean drinking water. Normally there would be a sludge byproduct that settles at the bottom of tanks during this process, which is expensive to safely and environmentally dispose of, these live microbes feed off that byproduct and overall save the company money. Around ten years is the expected life span for these microbes to be useful, when it’s time they can be recycled into a landfill. Currently this is being used in a California based water treatment plant, it’s still up in the air if this is feasible in larger facilities. Having clean drinking water is something that should be accessible to everyone so this is still something that fit inside the category on environmental. ” Your thoughts? 2. “Genome editing (also called gene editing) is a group of technologies that give scientists the ability to change an organism’s DNA. These technologies allow genetic material to be added, removed, or altered at particular locations in the genome. Several approaches to genome editing have been developed. A recent one is known as CRISPR-Cas9, which is short for clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats and CRISPR-associated protein 9. The CRISPR-Cas9 system has generated a lot of excitement in the scientific community because it is faster, cheaper, more accurate, and more efficient than other existing genome editing methods.CRISPR-Cas9 was adapted from a naturally occurring genome editing system in bacteria. The bacteria capture snippets of DNA from invading viruses and use them to create DNA segments known as CRISPR arrays. The CRISPR arrays allow the bacteria to “remember” the viruses (or closely related ones). If the viruses attack again, the bacteria produce RNA segments from the CRISPR arrays to target the viruses’ DNA. The bacteria then use Cas9 or a similar enzyme to cut the DNA apart, which disables the virus.” Your Thoughts? 3. This week’s reading focuses on the relationship between climate change, leadership, and ethical responsibility. What is the relationship between leadership and ethical standards? How does advancements in technology complicate or simplify this relationship? Utilize at least one form of technology discussed in the reading to help illustrate your response.