Barack Obama Presidential Speech
write a 4-5 page (minimum!) description and analysis of an artifact of your choosing. If you write only 4 pages, you will not get more than a C. To get an A or B, you must have at least 5 pages of very detailed, exhaustive description and analysis that includes quotes from your artifact for proof.Times New Roman12 point font1 inch marginsWorks cited in APAParenthetical citation4-5 pages MINIMUM, However, for top quality, I would expect longer and more detailed papers.Introduction that captures attention and has thesis statement.UNDERLINE THESIS STATEMENTConclusion summarizes paper and gives a sense of finalityEdited for grammar and spellingEdited for organization and topic sentences (if I read only the topic sentence of each paragraph, I shouldunderstand the whole paper!)Have looked at They Say, I Say for transition wordsSentences have variety, not just all simple sentencesNo contractions!No youNo I think or I feelDescriptionAnalysisThe purpose of descriptive analysis is to answer two questions:What is the purpose of this discourse, or what aim or goal does the rhetor (speaker) seem to seek?How does the discourse work to achieve that purpose, or what strategies does the rhetor use to achieve that goal?Your paper should take the following format and have a section for each:-Introduction in the introduction, you want to introduce the reader to your topic, capture their attention, and state your thesis statement. HINT: It is hard to begin papers. It is often a good idea to begin with a quote from your artifact, then start the introduction by unpacking the quote or saying So and so said this in X year when _ a little bit about context____. Underline your thesis statement!-Description In this section you want to write a description of the text. Remember to study the text closely! Slow down and sit with it a long time, reflecting on it. Look over it MULTIPLE times.What is the goal of the artifact? What is the rhetor trying to do? What is its purpose?What is the context of the artifact? What was going on at the time? Who was in the audience? Look for evidence in the text that helps you understand the audience: what statements does the rhetor make that demonstrate awareness of the audience? How does the discourse select or target an audience? Who is included? Who is alienated? What do the rhetors appeals tell you about the audience? How does the discourse empower the audience?Is it similar to other messages of the time? Is it a response to a certain situation? Who is the rhetor? What do we need to know about them to understand this piece?What do you notice immediately? What do you remember about the message? What was surprising? What topics are covered? Whatkinds of questions does it bring up in your mind? You should do research into the context.-Analysis In this section you want to write an analysis of the text. How does it achieve the purpose that you described?Persona: the role or roles a rhetor takes on for strategic purposes. This creates or contributes to the speakers ethos or credibility. For example: the president may enact the role of commander-in-chief, moral/spiritual leader of the nation, prophet, teacher/authority on U.S. history, etc. depending on the circumstance. Ask yourself: how does this discourse create an identity for the speaker? What does this discourse tell me about the character of the speaker?-Tone: the linguistic elements that suggest the rhetors attitude toward the audience and subject matter. Tone is found in the stylistic qualities of the discourse. Some words used to describe tone are personal, direct, ironic, satirical, sympathetic, angry, bitter, intense, scholarly, dogmatic, distant, condescending, tough, sweet, realistic, euphemistic, incisive, elegant, etc. Your description of the tone should accurately reflect the language used in the discourse you are studying. Also consider whether the discourse is abstract or concrete, colloquial or technical. Are the sentences long or short? Complex or simple?Structure: the form of the discourse, the method by which it unfolds, and the nature of its movement. Consider whether it seems to be narrative-dramatic, historical-chronological, cause-effect, problem-solution, effect-cause, topical, spatial, or taxonomical. Any combination of these structural elements can be found in a speech. Try outlining the speech in order to better understand its structure.What other devices do you notice in the text? Do not leave anything out! Hyperbole, personification, metaphor, simile, rhyming, alliteration, anaphora, epistrophe, imagery, allusion, etc.-Conclusion conclusion should summarize the paper and give a sense of finality.You might use the above to start an outline or concept map!Remember: Use your professional voice! Write like it is a research paper for a journal. Avoid using contractions (cant, wont, dont).