What is groupthink? How does it affect the decisions made by a group? Identify the critical factors that are believed to lead to groupthink. Explain how you could reduce groupthink in terms of these factors. Consider how being part of a crowd or group changes your behaviour. How can deindividuation change people’s behaviour? Could deindividuation lead to positive outcomes? What is a way to encourage members of a crowd to behave in line with their “normal” values? In 750-1,000 words, define and discuss the ways in which diffusion of responsibility, pluralistic ignorance and victim effects can influence helping behaviour. Include ways social and cultural pressure, and beliefs about “self” affect helping behaviour.